Official Newsletter of the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers
"The CCPDT exists to be the industry leader in defining and maintaining competency in the dog training and behavior profession."
I recently gave a two-day Shaping Workshop at our training facility in Maryland. (Shaping is sooooo much fun!) Among the attendees was a man who has been a CPDT-KA for ten years. Brian has a full-time job in addition to his dog training business, and lives in a fairly remote part of Maryland, so he doesn't make it to a lot of the events where we trainers commonly meet and socialize.
Brian uses a verbal marker in his training, uses a lot of luring, and hasn't done much shaping. In preparation for the workshop, he introduced his beautiful Belgian Malinois, Edge (see above photo) to the clicker and attempted some shaping at home. Edge, accustomed to being lured, had a tendency to stand in front of Brian, making direct eye contact, and wait for further instructions. He also seemed to be mildly worried by the clicker. Brian had called a few times prior to the workshop and chatted with my assistant, Shirley, who gave him some tips, but we were a little concerned that we might need to make some accommodations and adjustments for a clicker-shy dog who wasn't used to offering behaviors, and a trainer who wasn't accustomed to eliciting them without a lure.
We needn't have worried. Brian has exquisite timing, is an excellent observer and trainer, and was delightful to work with - a real credit to his CPDT-KA certification. Edge was tentative at first, but caught on to the 101 Things To Do With A Prop game and was soon offering all kinds of behaviors with his Mickey Mouse prop. Best of all, we all got to meet a hitherto little-known Maryland trainer/certificant who has much to offer.
One of the many rewarding aspects of our profession is the opportunity to meet, work with and share experiences with others in the field. Here in Maryland and surrounding states we have a loose-knit group called MAAPPPT (Mid-Atlantic Associaiton of Positive Professional Pet Trainers) that meets quarterly, just to give us all an opportunity to get together and get to know each other better. Several of the trainers at this workshop, including Brian, were unaware of MAAPPPT, and will be joining.
We have highlighted several such groups in past issues of Scoop, and are looking for more. If you are part of a similar networking group and would like to share it in Scoop, let us know! If there is not one in your area, maybe you could think about starting one. Who knows, you might find some hidden gems like Brian in your own backyard.
We'd love to include more networking groups in future issues of Scoop! If you are part of a group and would like to brag on it, please contact us at: Writeon@ccpdt.org
Pat Miller, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA
|(and Bonnie) |
P.S. Check out the news quiz contest in this issue of Scoop! All the answers to the quiz can be found in this issue of Scoop. Winner of a $25 Dogwise gift certificate will be drawn from all the correct entries submitted. Who can't use a $25 gift certificate from Dogwise?
Certificants Bark Back
No barks from readers this last issue - let us hear from you!!
Message From the President
by Bradley Phifer CBCC-KA CPDT-KSA
President's Letter - July 2014
The majority of CCPDT's daily work is completed through email and conference calls. Conducting business electronically has its own unique challenges, but like many businesses, the electronic office provides an efficient way to operate when your staff is spread out across the country.
Each May, the CCPDT Board of Directors holds their in-person board meetings to conduct the regular business of the board, evaluate the progress of our strategic goals, and approve new forms of our credentialing exams. The work completed during the in-person meeting is impressive. Equally as impressive, and equally important, are the relationships that are built during our time together.
During the May 2014 Board Meeting the following motions were approved:
- The Board of Directors adopted the Breed Specific Legislation position statement presented by the Legislative Committee. You can find a copy on the CCPDT website under About Us: Public Policies.
- The Board of Directors adopted the Electronic Training Collar position statement presented by the Electronic Training Collar Task Force. This position statement will outline the CCPDT view for the use of electronic training collars in dog training. A formal release of the newly adopted position statement was made at the end of June.
- The Board of Directors adopted a revised version of the Application of the Humane Hierarchy position statement. This updated version further clarifies the expectation for certificants following the HH in practice. A formal release of the newly adopted position statement was made at the end of June.
- The Board voted in new officers, effective July 1: President - Bradley Phifer, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KSA; Vice President - Julia Buesser, CPDT-KA; Treasurer - Ruth LaRocque, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA. Joan Campbell, CCPDT Executive Director, will act as Secretary in the interim until a new Secretary is elected.
This March we had 144 candidates sit for the CPDT-KA examination. 134 of them (93%) passed. The highest score out of 250 was 243 and the lowest score was 162. The mean score was 218.33 (the passing score was 188). Welcome new CPDT-KAs!
In May, nine candidates sat for the CBCC-KA examination. Seven of them (73%) passed. Out of the 180 questions on the exam, one person scored 163; the lowest score was 130 (138 was the passing score).
The CPDT-KSA examination was administered this spring. Of the 15 candidates who completed the exam, 10 passed. Most of those who did not receive a passing score did so because they failed to execute one of the gated (required) items, such as having the clock show during the entire segment, greeting the person with the dog, etc.
Thank you for your continued support of the CCPDT. You can always reach me at email@example.com.
Bradley Phifer CBCC-KA, CPDT-KSA
Bradley Phifer CBCC-KA CPDT-KSA
Barks From The Board
Penny Milne, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
The CCPDT certifications bring together the welfare of three groups I hold dear: DogKind, loving-if-struggling dog owners, and my hard-working dog trainer colleagues. The existence of a standards-based, science-based exam, with a required ethical commitment, resulting in a certification that allows clients to chose their coach based on competence, is a powerful protection for both dogs and their guardians.
Because I see certification as valuable to me personally as well as vital to the advancement of the dog training profession, I took the CPDT (now CPDT-KA) exam in 2002, and the CPDT-KSA and CBCC-KA as soon as they were launched. After I took the KSA in 2011, I was invited to join the KSA Exam subcommittee, and jumped at the chance. Later I added roles on the CPDT-KA, and CBCC-KA subcommittees. I was honored and delighted to be elected to the Board of Directors with a term starting May 2014.
Like most of you, I have been passionate about dogs since I can remember: as a four year old I offered to walk neighbors' dogs (fortunately nobody took me up on it!); I learned to read early so I could read my dog books and memorize the breeds; I learned to drive as soon as legal, so that my dog, Justin, and I could go off to obedience class, then on to matches and trial throughout Southern California; I volunteered, then worked full time at my local animal shelter, while attending UC Irvine (working on a very "useful" degree in philosophy ;-) ) ... but it never occurred to me that I could/should actually be a dog trainer, until the local trainer I had been shadowing/stalking asked me if I'd like to work for her. "You mean you can do that? Like a JOB??!!" I reacted as if a clown at the circus had asked me if I'd like to be a clown!
It turns out that a philosopher's skill set, especially a fondness for logic and rhetoric, (when combined with memorizing dog facts as a 5 year old, and lots of hands on wrangling skills from the shelter) are not a bad basis for dog training!
Of course, I have expanded that original skill set with an obsessive seeking of continuing education. I am an Honors Graduate of the Academy for Dog Trainers (from the days when the Academy was at the San Francisco SPCA) and a charter member of the APDT (Association of Professional Dog Trainers).
I started my own business in 1986, and have since grown services so that I offer classes at many different levels, private training, behavior counseling for dog and cat guardians, day training, and boarding and training. I offer services to fellow pet professionals: coaching staff at daycares, veterinary hospitals, shelters and rescues. I also take on occasional writing projects - I am the author of "Puppies! Why Do They Do What They Do?" and "Kittens! Why Do They Do What They Do?"
I live in a tiny historic cottage in Laguna Beach, CA. with my significant other who (now) has great dog skills, and our miniature schnauzer rescue dog, Garson, who has taught me a very great deal about reactivity, impulse control, and the circuitous path to love that a funny, strutting, little dog can create.
I am looking forward to the work ahead!
|Penny Milne, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA, and friend|
The Making of a CCPDT Multiple Choice Test
by Ruth Laroque, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA
Chair, CBCC Exam Committee
Have you ever wondered how test questions are written and chosen for the CPDT-KA and CBCC-KA tests? All test questions have their origin in a submission by a CCPDT certificant, and one of the requirements for re-certifying includes writing a multiple choice test question (called an "item") for potential use on future tests. You can log into your personal account and click on 'my credentials' to find the link to submit a potential question at any time.
When writing your submission, you should know that good questions test knowledge of current best practices in dog training and behavior consulting. Before submitting your question, consider what is important as a basic requirement for a competent trainer or behavior consultant to know. If you frequently see the same mistakes made by unskilled trainers and behavior consultants, those mistakes are perfect topics for test questions. Questions that test the application of training and behavior principles are preferred over questions that involve rote memorization of definitions. Clear as mud, right? Here's an example:
A CPDT-KA notices that dogs in his area go through training classes but still do not sit unless the owner has a treat in hand. The certificant decides to write a question about fading a lure. There are two approaches:
- Which statement best describes fading a lure?
A. Gradually reducing the strength of a stimulus that prompts a behavior
B. Gradually increasing the strength of a stimulus that prompts a behavior
C. Gradually removing the reinforcer from the training environment
D. Gradually changing the stimulus control of a behavior from physical to verbal
Reference: Chance, Paul. (2006). First Course in Applied Behavior Analysis. Waveland Pr Inc. (Page 144)
The correct answer is A, and while the concept is an important one, a better question is the following.
- When teaching a sit, a trainer uses a treat to lure the dog's nose up and bottom down. After a few trials, the dog learns to sit to earn the treat from the trainer's hand. What is the next step the trainer should take?
A. Teach the owner how to use the treat to lure the dog into a sit
B. Encourage the owner to enroll the dog in a more advanced training class
C. Stop giving the dog a treat each time the dog sits but continue to treat every few sits
D. Lure the dog to sit using an empty hand and deliver the treat from the other hand
Reference: Chance, Paul. (2006). First Course in Applied Behavior Analysis. Waveland Pr Inc. (Page 152)
The correct answer is D. This item tests whether a trainer has the knowledge of how best to fade a lure in a real life situation.
If writing a test question seems overwhelming - rest assured, there is no need to be an expert in constructing a viable test question. The editing of CCPDT test questions and exams is overseen by subject matter experts and the Professional Testing Corporation (PTC). During "item review" sessions, submitted test questions are revised if necessary by certificant volunteers from around the country with appropriate expertise and experience (subject matter experts) under the guidance of a professional psychometrician employed by PTC. After item review, the psychometrician compiles an exam which is subsequently reviewed again by subject matter experts under the guidance of the psychometrician. By putting every test question through this arduous process, the CCPDT ensures that its multiple choice exams meet standards for being psychometrically sound.
CPDT-KA and CBCC-KA test creation is an organic and ongoing process that begins with questions submitted by each of you. We look forward to seeing the items you think should be included on future tests. In the meantime, happy training!
-Ruth LaRocque, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA, CCPDT Board member
New Networking Group, Seattle, Washington
Professional Dog Trainers of Western Washington (PDTWeWa) is a new networking group for positive reinforcement-based dog trainers and behavior consultants in the greater Seattle area.
Patty Homer, CPDT-KA (firstname.lastname@example.org) hosts meetings the first Monday evening of the month at her facility,"Gentle Paws Dog and Cat Training," in Edmonds, WA.
PDTWeWa (https://www.facebook.com/PDTWW)'s would like to invite other dog training enthusiasts in the region to our 90 minute monthly "get-to-gether" (an educational canine demonstration, business meeting, and discussion of case studies).
Contact PDTWeWa directly for additional details!"
Call For Case Study Submissions
We are seeking case studies from certificants to publish in alternate issues of Scoop. Authors of cases selected for publication will be paid 15 cents per word. You can refer back to the January/February issue for details on how to present your case study. Here are some brief tips:
1. Respect client confidentiality. Do not include client or dog names. You may "change the names to protect the innocent" if you would like to be able to refer to client or dog throughout the article.
2. Article should be 1,000 to 1,500 words.
3. Protocols utilized for training or behavior modification should follow the Humane Hierarchy as described elsewhere in this newsletter.
4. Article should include an outcome - at least far enough into the modification program to describe the effect of the intervention/protocol.
5. Submitted articles will be peer reviewed and may or may not be selected for publication.
6. Submit to: WriteOn@ccpdt.org
7. Authors of articles selected for publication will be paid at a rate of $.15 per word. Payment will be made following actual publication.
8. Deadline for submission for May/June issue is April 1, 2014.
Ch-Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes Your CCPDT Board recently made a couple of significant changes to CCPDT procedures:
1. Eligibility Requirements for CPDT-KA Certification: Changes have been made to the CPDT-KA eligibility requirements in order to more clearly explain how the experiential hours should be earned in order to qualify to sit for the exam. The dog training experience section no longer specifies that you must be head trainer. That section now reads:
A log documenting at least 300 hours of experience in dog training within the last three (3) years. Two
hundred twenty-five (225) hours of experience must be training hours which should include: instructing
group dog training classes, conducting private training lessons, consulting with clients, and training hands-
on with one or more dogs. Seventy-five (75) hours of experience can be in other related areas such as
volunteering at an animal shelter, consulting with other certified trainers about current cases, designing
training plans, working as a veterinary technician, dog groomer, and assisting a colleague in instructing
group dog training classes or individual lessons.
2. Presenter Qualifications: As of 7/1/2015, presenters requesting CEUs from the CCPDT for their event must possess one or more of the following: CPDT-KA, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA or appropriate higher education degree. If the presenter does not have any of these credentials they will be unable to offer and advertise CCPDT CEUs for their educational event. Certificants can individually apply to the CEU Request Committee to be granted CEUs from a presenter who does not have appropriate credentials and they will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
SCOOP NEWS CONTEST!!!!!
Welcome to our Scoop News Quiz contest. We had 32 entries last month - 29 correct ones. The winner of last issue's contest and recipient of a $25 Dogwise gift certificate is: Heidi Byrne, BS, CPDT-KA, KPA-CPT, Behavior Team Leader at Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc. in Topeka, Kansas. Congratulations, Heidi!
Here are the correct answers to last issue's News Quiz:
1. What is the primary purpose of a Board of Directors? To set the strategic direction for the organization
2. How many people are bitten by dogs each year in the U.S.? More than 4.5 million people
3. What was the first animal Melony Phillips trained? A Parakeet
4. In what country did a dog testify in a murder case? France
5. What are three programs designed to help owners cope with dogs who aren't comfortable being approached? Dog Early Warning System using bandanas (heehee not bananas)- RED - AVOID humans and dogs, Yellow - avoid dogs but humans ok, Green - dogs that like everyone.
6. What two breeds of dogs has Dr. James Akenhead bred? Shepherds & Malamutes
See this issue's 6 Scoop News Quiz questions below. Winner will be selected randomly from all the correct entries submitted. Send your entry to:
Entry deadline is August 15, 2014. One entry per person. Contest open to CCPDT certificants only. Correct answers will be published in next issue.
Winner of the July/August contest will receive a $25 gift certificate to DogWise (WooHoo!!)
6 SCOOP NEWS QUIZ QUESTIONS
1. Who reviews and edits exam questions during an item review session?
2. With what breed of dog does new CCPDT Board member Penny Milne share her home?
3. Who are the current CCPDT Board officers?
4. In what city and state was a police officer recently charged with felony animal cruelty for cutting a dog's throat with a pocketknife?
5. What does PDTWeWa stand for?
6. What hormone promotes social behavior in both canines and humans?
The Humane Hierarchy
Here is the oft-referred to and newly-updated version of the Humane Hierarchy
(1) version (from our website - ) to which our certificants are expected to adhere:
Application of the Humane Hierarchy
The Humane Hierarchy serves to guide certificants of the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers (CCPDT) in their decision-making process during dog training and behavior modification. Additionally, it will assist the public in understanding the standard of care to be applied by dog training and behavior professionals when determining the order of implementation for applying training practices and methodologies.
POSITION OF THE CCPDT:
The standard of care for CCPDT certificants is that the Humane Hierarchy will be used as a guide in their decision making process when implementing training and behavior protocols. This standard of care should be followed when the certificant is working directly with a dog, creating a training plan for the client to follow, or assisting a colleague.
HIERARCHY OF PROCEDURES FOR HUMANE AND EFFECTIVE PRACTICES
Please utilize the following steps to modify or manage a behavior:
1. Health, nutritional, and physical factors: The certificant ensures that any indicators for possible medical, nutritional, or health factors are addressed by a licensed veterinarian. The certificant also ensures that factors in the physical environment that have a potential to impact the dog's health, nutrition and physical condition are addressed.
2. Antecedents: The certificant implements environmental management strategies to prevent the behavior from occurring.
3. Positive Reinforcement, Classical Conditioning (not listed in order of preference):
a. Positive Reinforcement: The certificant ensures that reinforcement is delivered for the desirable alternative behavior, and that such reinforcement is of higher value to the dog than the reinforcement the dog has received in the past for the unwanted behavior.
b. Classical Conditioning: The certificant changes the dog's association with an aversive stimulus while presenting the aversive stimulus at a sub-threshold intensity.
4. Live With or Manage the Behavior, Negative Punishment, Negative Reinforcement, Extinction, Consult Another Professional (not listed in order of preference):
a. Live With or Manage The Behavior: Certificant elects to cease modification techniques and implement a management plan.
b. Consult Another Professional: At times, it may be beneficial for the certificant to consult another professional such as a dog trainer, veterinarian, or behaviorist for additional advice. Consulting with other professionals can be beneficial, particularly when a problem behavior does not resolve with the previously mentioned interventions.
c. Negative Punishment: The certificant withdraws a positive reinforcer when the undesirable behavior occurs to reduce the probability that the behavior will occur in the future.
d. Extinction: The certificant withholds reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior with the goal of extinguishing the behavior.
e. Negative Reinforcement: The certificant withdraws an aversive stimulus when the desired behavior occurs in order to increase the probability that the behavior will occur in the future.
5. Positive Punishment: The certificant delivers an aversive consequence in response to the undesirable behavior in order to reduce the probability that the behavior will occur in the future.
Please direct any questions regarding this standard of care to our administrator at email@example.com.
(1) Adapted from What's Wrong With This Picture? Effectiveness is Not Enough, Susan Friedman Ph.D., Good Bird Magazine, Volume 4-4; Winter 2008.
by Laura Roach, CPDT-KA
"Bonding Hormone" Oxytocin Makes Dogs More Social
June 10, 2014 Tokyo, Japan
A new study, conducted by researchers at Tokyo University, has demonstrated that administering the hormone oxytocin to dogs promotes social behaviors toward both other dogs and human partners. The report, which has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, adds to the growing body of evidence that suggests oxytocin is a major player in encouraging the sociality of mammals.
Oxytocin (OT), which has also been dubbed the "cuddle chemical" or "trust hormone", is a neurotransmitter synthesized in the hypothalamus and secreted by the pituitary gland. OT is known to have numerous different biological roles, such as the facilitation of birth and labor, but researchers have become increasingly interested in this hormone in recent years because of its apparent effects on behavior. In particular, studies have highlighted a role for OT in social bonding.
For the study, the team recruited 16 pet dogs and administered a nasal spray that either contained OT or a placebo (saline). They then took blood and urine samples at regular intervals while monitoring how the dogs interacted with both their owners and other dogs.
The team observed that when dogs were administered with exogenous OT, they displayed more social and affiliative behaviors toward both their owners and other dogs when compared with the placebo. These behaviors, which included sniffing, licking, playing and prolonged eye contact, were indicative of bonding. Furthermore, they found that exchanging positive social behaviors with partners also triggered the release of endogenous OT.
Taken together, these data not only suggest that OT is involved in the development of social relationships in dogs, but they also add to the growing consensus that OT plays pivotal roles in social bonding in mammalian species.
Link: Bonding Hormone
Michigan Police Shoot and Kill Dog In Its Own Backyard
May 14, 2014 - Michigan
At around midnight on Saturday night/Sunday morning, Redford Township Police shot and killed 10-month old 'Rock,' a Labrador Retriever/Pit Bull mix, in his own backyard.
In pursuit of a suspect, police entered the backyard of Bianca Alakson and Ryan Showalter, despite the "Beware of Dog" sign clearly posted on the couple's fence. One officer said the dog charged him and, fearing for his life, he fired once at the dog. He says Rock continued toward him, so he fired a second, fatal shot. When Ryan Showalter confronted police, frantically asking why they killed his dog, he was handcuffed and arrested for interfering with a police investigation.
"I was breaking down hysterically in the back seat of the cop car, crying," he explained to Detroit's WDIV News.
Showalter says he only wanted to know what happened to his dog. Friends and neighbors say Rock was a friendly dog, nice to everyone, including strangers.
"He was just my baby." said Alakson.
Link: Couple Angry After Police Kill Dog
Baltimore Police Officer Slits Dogs Throat Jun 19, 2014 - Maryland
A Baltimore police officer has been charged with cruelty after he reportedly used his pocketknife to slit the throat of a safely contained dog.
Nala, a 7-year-old Shar-Pei, had escaped from her yard and bitten a citizen who attempted to restrain the frightened dog. Police officers arrived on the scene and captured Nala with control poles. After Nala was safely contained with the poles, Officer Jeffrey Bolger, with the force since 1992, is alleged to have said, "I'm going to gut this (expletive) thing" before pulling out his knife and cutting her throat.
Nala died from her injury. Bolger has been charged with felony animal cruelty. The Baltimore Police Department has condemned Bolger's actions.
Link: Officer slits dog's throat
Veterinarian Locks Himself in Hot Car for 30 Minutes
June 13, 2014
Unfortunately, we live in a world where this still needs to be said. Every summer there are new stories about dogs being left alone in parked cars with nothing but a window crack for relief. This veterinarian was tired of the stories, so he set out to prove that a few cracked windows does absolutely nothing to cool you down. Any human that doesn't want to put up with this kind of heat shouldn't force their pets to deal with it, either.
Link: Veterinarian Locks Himself in Hot Car
20 Dogs Die in Arizona Kennel After Air Conditioning Kicks Out
June 24, 2014 - Arizona
Heat. There's been plenty of it to go around in Arizona these first days of summer -- literally and politically -- after the air conditioning went out at a dog kennel.
Sheriff's deputies found 20 dead dogs piled up in a shed on Friday at Green Acres Dog Boarding Facility in Gilbert. The public shock over their deaths led a U.S. senator to issue a public statement on Monday.
Green Acres is owned and operated by two of Flake's relatives, Jesse and Maleisa Hughes, the Maricopa County Sheriff's office said. The couple was out of town, leaving Austin Flake to dogsit, when a dog apparently chewed through the electric wiring connected to the air conditioning, said Sheriff Joe Arpaio. He called it an accident, but at the same time cast doubt on the kennel owners' account of how the dogs died.
Kennel owners: It was an accident
"It was a tragic accident," Hughes told CNN. "We are heartbroken, and we're devastated." She doesn't believe anyone could have predicted or stopped what happened. The air conditioning unit kicked out in the middle of the night, Hughes said.
Austin Flake and his wife slept at the east end of the house, while the temperature climbed to seething heights in the kennel on the west end, Maleisa Hughes said. The dogs sleep there at night in a large, cooled room, she said. The two sides of the house have separate air conditioning units, so the Flakes couldn't feel the suffocating heat.
During the day in Gilbert, the mercury has blasted up to over 100 degrees F, easily making it hard to find relief, perhaps even after temperatures dip back down to under 80 at night.
By the time the Flakes discovered the dogs at 5:30 a.m., the temperature was over 100 degrees, Hughes said.
The gnawed wire was still sputtering off sparks. "It could have burned down our whole house," Hughes said. "My whole house could have burned down and all my children could have died, and then it would have been a tragedy." One of the dogs that perished was her own.
The Flakes turned a hose and ice on the overheated dogs to try to save them, the sheriff's office said. "But failed to call for emergency assistance before the dogs died."
Sheriff: Story "seems unreasonable"
Sheriff Arpaio said that his office is investigating and that parts of Hughes' story seems suspicious. "It seems unreasonable that dogs could be healthy at 11 p.m. at night and dead by 5:30 a.m. the next morning as the owners suggest," he said. A veterinarian he conferred with has corroborated his doubts, Arpaio said. Deputies arrived to find some of the dogs' owners at Green Acres. A couple cried and hugged, as deputies used a wheel barrow to cart off dogs' carcasses wrapped in cloth.
Pet owners told Arpaio that the Hughes misled them about the number of dogs kept at the kennel.
Link: 20 Dogs Die at Arizona Boarding Kennel
The Problem With Pit Bulls
June 20, 2014
Warning - This is a very poorly written and cited article. You can read the entire piece at Time.com
The social media universe became furious at KFC this week after an employee reportedly asked a 3-year-old victim of a dog attack to leave one of their restaurants because "her face is disrupting our customers." (Editor's note - later investigation determined this to be an untrue story.)
Pit bulls make up only 6% of the dog population, but they're responsible for 68% of dog attacks and 52% of dog-related deaths since 1982, according to research compiled by Merritt Clifton, editor of Animals 24-7, an animal-news organization that focuses on humane work and animal-cruelty prevention. Clifton himself has been twice attacked by dogs (one pit bull), and part of his work involves logging fatal and disfiguring attacks.
Clifton says that for the 32 years he's been recording, there has never been a year when pit bulls have accounted for less than half of all attacks. A CDC report on dog-bite fatalities from 1978 to 1998 confirms that pit bulls are responsible for more deaths than any other breed, but the CDC no longer collects breed-specific information.
Link: The Problem With Pit Bulls
CCPDT BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Bradley Phifer, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Julie Buesser, CPDT-KA
Forest Park, IL
Forest Park, Illinois
Joan Campbell, Executive Director
New York, NY
TreasurerRuth LaRocque, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
James E. Akenhead, CPDT-KA
Nicole Larocco, CDPT-KA
Ruth LaRocque, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Seattle, WashingtonLouis Mande, CPDT-KA
Elkins Park, PA
Lisa McCluskey, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Penny Milne, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Laguna Beach, CA
Pat Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Cecilia Sumner, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Vero Beach, FL
More About Us
Board email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Non-voting: Joan Campbell
New York, NY 10018-0903
Pat Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
CPDT EXAMINATION COMMITTEE
Lisa R. McCluskey, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA, CHAIR
Amy Blum, CPDT-KSA
Sally Bushwaller, CPDT-KSA
Vivian Leven, CPDT-KSA
Stephen McKay, CPDT-KSA
Penelope Milne, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Shawn Smith, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Daniel Spangler, CPDT-KACBCC EXAMINATION COMMITTEE
Cecilia Sumner, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Penelope Milne, CPDT-KSA, CBCC, CHAIR
Jamie Bozzi, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Doug Duncan, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Cheryle Homuth CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Beth Mattei-Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Lisa R. McCluskey, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Shawn Smith, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Audrey A. Tucker, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
CERTIFICATION COMPLIANCE COMMITTEE
Louis Mande, CPDT-KA, CHAIR
Pat Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Pat Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA, CHAIR
James Aikenhead, CPDT-KA
Ruth LaRocque, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Julie Buesser, CPDT-KA
California: Jami LoVullo, CPDT-KA
Connecticut: Audrey Tucker, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA
Minnesota: Nancy Driver, CPDT-KA
Nevada: Christine Vaught, CPDT-KA
Texas: Wanda Woodworth, CPDT-KA
PROFESSIONAL OUTREACH COMMITTEE
Nicole Larocco, CPDT-KA, CHAIRWRITE-ON COMMITTEE
Cissy Sumner, CPDT-KSA
Ruth LaRocque, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA
Pat Miller, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA, CHAIR
Terry Cuyler, CPDT-KALaura Roach, CPDT-KA
Niki Tudge, CPDT-KA
Sarah Villarreal, CPDT-KSA
Monique A Williams, CPDT-KA